All Research Papers

Paper Title: Study of the adsorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Fe(II) and Cd(II) by using modified natural clay
Prepared by: Aiman El Saadi
Description:

The removal of heavy metals (Cu+2, Pb+2, Fe+2, and Cd+2) onto modified clay using batch-adsorption technique has been studied. The influence of concentration, on the adsorption process has also been studied. The natural clay obtained from New Valley in Egypt was crushed into powder and passed through 200 mesh sieve and then modified with sodium acetate. It rinsed and dried up. Results show that...


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Paper Title: Simulation adequacy assessment of water quality of Rosetta Branch
Prepared by: Aiman El Saadi
Description:

Quality status of fresh waterways in Egypt, especially those that receive agricultural drainage water such as Rosetta Branch (RB), is critical for most of its water uses. However, the country depends on this marginal quality water to fill the gap between demand and supply. Therefore, the need for effective/economic water management tools turn into an obligation. ..


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Paper Title: Detection and mapping of water pollution variation in the Nile Delta using multivariate clustering and GIS techniques
Prepared by: Aiman El Saadi
Description:

The limited water resources of Egypt lead to widespread water-stress. Consequently, the use of marginal water sources, such as agricultural drainage waters, provides one of the national feasible solutions to the problem. However, the marginal quality of the drainage waters may restrict their use. The objective of this research is to develop ...


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Paper Title: Cultivation of Qattara Depression By the Use of Desalinated Water
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

The Qattara depression has an area of about 19,500 square kilometers. It approaches within 205 kilometers of Cairo and 56 kilometers of the Mediterranean coast. The floor of the depression averages 60 meters below sea level. This research investigates the possibility of utilizing the technology of desalination to …


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Paper Title: Developing a Neural Network Model for Predicting the Nile River Inflow
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

Egypt is facing a major challenge to manage its limited water resources to satisfy future demand. Nile River inflow is satisfying more than 85% of the total demand. Accurate prediction for yearly inflow is essential for planning and management of the water resources. The inflow of the river exhibits large variation due to many natural phenomena. The prediction of inflow rate has been under continuous study. Different approaches have been used to fit observed data. However, some of these approaches may not adequately predict the river inflow because they are based on many simplifying assumptions about the natural phenomena that influence the inflow. This paper demonstrates how a neural network can be used as an adaptive model synthesizer …


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Paper Title: Developing Water Indices for Distributing Increased Nile Water Yield among the Nile Basin Countries
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

The River Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world. It is shared by ten countries, all in varying states of development. Numerous studies indicate Nile water resources are not fully utilized. In fact, the Nile Basin’s riparian countries utilize less than 50% of the river’s total water resources. Cooperation amongst these countries has been recently encouraged to decrease river water losses and increase the water yield. In this study, expected water yield increase (losses saved) is divided amongst the riparian countries based upon …


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Paper Title: Determining Optimal Allocation and Crop Pattern in Egypt by the Use of Linear Programming
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

Crop consumptive use depends on many factors. Two of these factors are the temperature and humidity which differ in Egypt considerably from north to south. Making use of this folumina, this study determines the optimal allocation of the different cultivated crops …


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Paper Title: Forecasting the Yearly Nile River Natural Flow Using Gradient Descending Neural Networks
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

Forecasting the Nile River natural flow has always been one of the main concerns for hydrologists and decision makers for contingency planning. There have been several attempts to forecast the river yield using different models with some degree of reliability. In last decade, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are gaining popularity as a modeling tool in hydrology. Forecasting the stream flow is one of the successful applications of ANNs that should be tested for Nile River forecasting. This study applies ANNs to forecast …


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Paper Title: Assessment of Desalinating Brackish Groundwater in Sinai Using GIS and Linear Programming
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

Middle East and North African countries suffer from a shortage of fresh water resources. Statistical analysis showed that the fresh water resources per capita in these countries are less than 13% of the average world resources per capita. Egypt major challenge is to … This paper tries to optimize the use of these resources taking into consideration the geographic constraints and …


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Paper Title: Management of Egypt Crop Pattern According to Reservoir Water Storage
Prepared by: Hesham Mostafa
Description:

Egypt has limited water resources. It depends mainly on the River Nile to satisfy its demands where agriculture consumes more than 80% of the water resources. Crop consumptive use depends on many factors which differ considerably in Egypt from north to south. The return from using the unit water as well as the farmers profits differ from one crop to another. Some crops provide the farmers high profits while their return per unit water is very low. This study determines the optimal crop patterns …


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